Pure versus mutual health insurance : evidence from Swedish historical data

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><collection xmlns="http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim http://www.loc.gov/standards/marcxml/schema/MARC21slim.xsd">
  <record>
    <leader>00000nab a2200000 i 4500</leader>
    <controlfield tag="001">MAP20071505334</controlfield>
    <controlfield tag="003">MAP</controlfield>
    <controlfield tag="005">20080418124608.0</controlfield>
    <controlfield tag="007">hzruuu---uuuu</controlfield>
    <controlfield tag="008">040524e20040301usa||||    | |00010|eng d</controlfield>
    <datafield tag="040" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="a">MAP</subfield>
      <subfield code="b">spa</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="084" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="a">40</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="100" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="0">MAPA20080030445</subfield>
      <subfield code="a">Nekby, Lena</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="245" ind1="1" ind2="0">
      <subfield code="a">Pure versus mutual health insurance</subfield>
      <subfield code="b">: evidence from Swedish historical data</subfield>
      <subfield code="c">Lena Nekby</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="520" ind1="8" ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="a">Using data from voluntary health insurance societies 1902-1910, this article analyzes coexistence of pure and mutual insurance societies where pure societies are characterized by charging an ex ante premiums only while mutuals in addition charge ex post assessments. On average, mutual insurance societies are found to be larger and to offer greater insurance coverage per member. Pure insurance societies have, on average, higher insurance coverage  per day, greater mean levels of moral hazard controls , a higher mean number of policy categories, and greater longevity</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="1">
      <subfield code="0">MAPA20080542382</subfield>
      <subfield code="a">Suecia</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="1">
      <subfield code="0">MAPA20080611651</subfield>
      <subfield code="a">Mutualidades de seguros</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="1">
      <subfield code="0">MAPA20080598983</subfield>
      <subfield code="a">Seguro de enfermedad</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="1">
      <subfield code="0">MAPA20080553630</subfield>
      <subfield code="a">Coberturas</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="740" ind1="4" ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="a">The Journal of risk and insurance</subfield>
    </datafield>
    <datafield tag="773" ind1="0" ind2=" ">
      <subfield code="t">The Journal of risk and insurance</subfield>
      <subfield code="d">Orlando</subfield>
      <subfield code="g">Volume 71, number 1, March 2004 ;  p. 115-134</subfield>
    </datafield>
  </record>
</collection>